In the latter part of the war she was employed as a hospital ship. UNITED STATES NAVY TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS OF WORLD WAR I, 1917-1919. Then in February 1915 she was turned into a troopship and was sent straight to Gallipoli where she took casualties to the safety of the Egyptian port. Operationally, standard troopships–often drafted from commercial shipping fleets–cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaport or onto smaller vessels, either tenders or barges. Aquitania: Commissioned by the Royal Navy in 1914 the Aquitania first patrolled the Western Approaches but after colliding with a cargo ship it was decided that she was too big to be an armoured merchant cruiser. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. The Carmania was the first Cunard liner to have turbines. The Admiralty came to the rescue as they were looking for a ship which could be converted to carry seaplanes. Princess Matoika, United States Transport Ship, World War I . Both her and her sister ship, the Caronia were armed with 4.7 inch guns. Remarks Owned by the Ocean SS Co Ltd, Liverpool (Blue Funnel Line). Monday, June 26, 2017. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. On the 19th August 1914 she captured the German ship Odessa carrying a cargo of nitrate. Work on her was completed in mid-September 1914. On the eastward journeys, the third class areas were occupied by Canadian troops. Sailors, navies and the war at sea. Invernia: The Invernia was taken over by the Royal Navy and used for troop transport to Canada and the Mediterranean. In 1918 Ascania ran aground off Cape Ray. Those, included vessels not related to transport such as mine vessels and waterway or port maintenance ships and other service craft. Llandovery Castle: The sinking of this Llandovery Castle is considered one of the worst atrocities of the war. Two years later she was again used for troop transport bringing troops from Australia to England. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. She was based at Simonstown in the South Atlantic which she patrolled until April 1915. Only 24 people survived out of the 258 people on board. During World War II the U.S. Army operated approximately 127,800 watercraft of various types Those included large troop and cargo transport ships that were Army-owned hulls, vessels allocated by the War Shipping Administration, bareboat charters and time charters. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. First World War Encyclopedia (3,250 pages - £4.95). I … Most of the 51st Pioneer Infantry were among them. This included increased numbers of berths; often in cargo holds and conditions on board were cramped to say the least. Serving in the Great War. $28.95. This was one of the worst misfortunes in the last few weeks of the war. She was employed in the North Atlantic, but after having made only seven trips she was hit by a torpedo 15 miles off Inishtrahull. On the 31st October 1914 she confronted Admiral von Spee's powerful fleet of German cruisers and two of the three ships with her, Good Hope and the Monmouth, sank but luckily she and the Glasgow escaped. Eventually Cunard decided that she was no longer needed and put her up for sale. The Orsova was transferred to the Australian route for the last three months of the war. Researching WW1 Troopships. Shortly after the United States entered World War I, the commander of U.S. Convoy Operations was ordered to organize and begin escorting the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) to France. Troop transports assembled off the island of Lemnos, and landings began on the Gallipoli Peninsula at two places early on April 25, 1915, at Cape Helles (29th British and Royal Naval divisions) and at ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) beaches. The Campania was now the world's largest aircraft carrier. Troopships in the First World War Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. 1514, and commissioned her the same day as USS Maui . On July 16, 1945, at 5.29 am, the first nuclear weapons test in history was conducted near Socorro, New Mexico. She was sunk by a torpedo about 60 miles SE of Cape Matapan in Greece while carrying troops. No.) Laconia: The Laconia was turned into an armed merchant cruiser in 1914. I came across two excellent resources while researching the story behind a soldier from Victoria, BC and I thought I’d share them with you. Caronia: The Caronia was the Carmania's sister-ship and was the first to be turned into an armoured merchant cruiser. $80.00 + … In early 1917 there was a great need for troop ships and work started again on the Ormonde. Campania was saved from being scrapped by the outbreak of the war. Some of the people on board were rescued by the Mounsey but she then ran aground and broke in half. Both ships survived the war and in June 1919 the Caronia was returned to Cunard. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. WWI Ship Name Index Site Quick Links Menu. Ports west of Southampton also contributed to the transport and deployment of men and material but due to longer journey times they were not as extensively used. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. Four months later she returned to the patrolling of the South Atlantic. Any ideas? This section of the Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy consists of ship pages and photos from the Naval Historical Center's Online Library of Selected Images relating to auxiliary vessels acquired for … Ancestry.com offers a search engine that may help connect a particular service person with a troopship. As an example Plymouth became a major landing port for US troops deployed from the continental US prior to embarking for France. This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. The U.S. Navy acquired Maui from Matson on 6 March 1918 for World War I service as a troop transport, assigned her the naval registry Identification Number (Id. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. Ascania: When the war broke out the Ascania worked on the North Atlantic. The vast majority of troops followed these routes. Andania: The Andania was used to transport the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and Royal Dublin Fusiliers to Cape Helles for the landings at Suvla. As most of the other Cunarders were being used by the Admiralty, the Campania was used for passenger trips. To browse this image set, select from the options below. Free shipping . In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. They were requisitioned by the government who paid a daily rate for them and specially outfitted the ships to meet their new wartime role. During World War I, the Quartermaster Corps managed the Army's deepwater fleet. She was a great success, but unfortunately in November 1918, she sank after dragging her anchors and colliding with first Royal Oak and then Glorious in the Firth of Forth. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. Orontes: The Orontes was taken over by the government in 1916 as a troop ship and held this job until the end of the war. The U.S. Army Transport Service (ATS) was established in 1899 as part of the Army Quartermaster Department. This map shows the main troop-carrying routes in the North Atlantic during the First World War. There were no troops on board and only 12 of the crew were killed. It was built by the German Government in 1910 and was christened the Princess Alice in honor of the Kaiser's eldest daughter. Carmania: Three days after war was declared, Carmania was converted into a armoured merchant cruiser. U.S., Army Transport Service Arriving and Departing Passenger Lists, 1910-1939. Franconia: At the start of the war Franconia continued her regular service from Liverpool to New York. ORIGINAL MATCHING PAIR WW1 US Army Pin-back Engineer Collar Disc 59TH REGIMENT . This collection consists of lists of passengers arriving at U.S. ports on Army ships. She was employed as a hospital ship and had her cross lights on when she was torpedoed without warning by a German submarine. She carried troops to Colombo and then 40 prisoners to Egypt before being discharged from service in February 1915. The combination of heavy rainfall, inadequately built roads and the pounding caused by large numbers of heavy lorries on narrow, solid-rubber tyres caused … English: RMS Aquitania was a British ocean liner that served as a troop ship in World War I and World War II, and also as a hospital ship in World War I. Otranto: On the 1st August 1914 the Otranto was requested to become hospital ship but in the end became an armed merchant cruiser. It was quite a sight. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. shipping: + $3.00 shipping . The problem started even before the ship departed, the passengers became victims of the dreaded influenza. In 1916 the Alaunia struck a mine and sank two miles off the Royal Sovereign Lightship. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. In 1918 she was hit by a torpedo a few miles from Altacarry Light (County Antrim). These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. On 28 October 1914 ten New Zealand troop transports and their escorts steamed into King George Sound, Albany, Western Australia, to join 28 Australian ships and their escorts. In addition to the transports the Army fleet included specialized types. This map can be considered to be part of the entire study of troopships during that period. Most of the crew were saved by the Rifleman or trawlers who were accompanying her. The arrival of the first convoy carrying the soldiers and Marines of the American Expeditionary Force at Saint-Nazaire, France, on 26 June 1917 surprised the world and provided much-needed encouragement to the allies. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. WWI US Army Ammunition Belt Set of Two (2) by Mills. Today, after two world wars and a century of witnessing military operations around the world, Americans might take this large troop movement for granted. The William P. Frye, a four-masted steel barque built in Bath, Maine, in 1901 and named for the well-known Maine senator William Pierce Frye (1830-1911), was … My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. One of these was an older ex-commercial steamer that had been in Navy hands since the early 1900s. However she was used in the Gallipoli landings. A troopship is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. The following transport ships were used to convey the troops of the 5th/22nd, the 22nd Battalion plus other key elements of the AIF during the First World War. Subscribe to our Spartacus Newsletter and keep up to date with the latest articles. The map is part of a book written about the U.S. transport activities. WW1 VICTORY MEDAL WITH TRANSPORT CLASP , 2 SETS OF ORIGINAL RIBBONS DOG TAG . Attack transports, a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore, carry their own fleet of landing craft. During the First World War, the U.S. Navy's Transport Force (also called the Cruiser and Transport Force) employed forty-five commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across the Atlantic to the European combat zone. They started at 10:00 A.M. and finished at 1:30 P.M. In mid-September 1914 she sunk the German liner Cap Trafalgar. REGISTER OF SHIPS OF THE U. S. NAVY: AUXILIARY VESSELS. Volumes of Shipping During six weeks of 1914 In August 1916 she was repaired and given back to the Cunard Line. Then 40 miles SW of Cape Spartivento in Sardinia, she was hit by a torpedo and sank. The Transport Princess Matoika (10,421 Tons) was a vessel with quite an interesting history. Although just a sub-section of the ships used by the Australians in the war they are nevertheless representative of the types of vessels used. Harrisburg, a troop transport, was built as a steel threemasted schooner in 1888 as City of Paris by J. With the threat of enemy submarines, American ships crossing the Atlantic needed protection. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships.
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