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Ended: Dec 23, 2020. recoilless rifle. The following is an overview of the Rifle Company of the U.S. Army from November 1970 to September 1975. It could be used in both anti-tank and anti-personnel roles. It was able to use the NATO-standard M74 tripod, and proved with its HE and white phosphorus rounds it was the perfect weapon for the hard fighting that took place against dug-in People's Army of Vietnam forces. The recoilless rifle was first seen in a practical example just prior to World War 1 (1914-1918) where it emerged as the Davis Gun of the United States Navy. The first fifty[9] production M18 57 mm cannons and ammunition were rushed from the factories to the European theater in March 1945. Production of the M20 was underway by March 1945; only limited number… Four types of ammunition were initially produced:[note 3] an anti-tank HEAT round (T20E2 / M307), an HE round (T22 / M306), a Smoke (White Phosphorus) "bursting smoke" round (T23 / M308), and a Training Practice round. Due to their compact size, the short-barreled Colt Commando and XM177 versions of this family continued to be issued to the U.S. military after the Vietnam War. And, in addition to high-explosive anti-tank rounds, the M50’s recoilless rifles could be loaded with anti-personnel canister ammunition filled with metallic flechettes. [8] By early 1945, over 2,000 M18 recoilless rifles and 800,000 rounds of ammunition were on order. Details about Vietnam Era M-67 90mm Recoilless Rifle Muzzle Cover Unused See original listing. Like individual M40 rifles, the Ontos’ rifles were zeroed in using a .50 caliber spotting rifle. Developed in the 1950s from the M27 105 RCL, it was adopted as a medium range anti-tank gun by the Australian Army 1961 to replace the 6 pr being used. The Colt Automatic Rifle-15 Military Weapons System or CAR-15 was a family of AR-15 and M16 rifle–based firearms marketed by Colt in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The cannon and 57 mm ammunition were placed in mass production. It could also be awkwardly carried, fired from the shoulder and reloaded by one man in an emergency, fired prone from the extended T3 monopod and bipod, or fired from a fixed position on a cradle mounted on the M1917A1 machine gun tripod. The B-10 recoilless rifle (Bezotkatnojie orudie-10, known as the RG82 in East Germany) is a Soviet 82 mm smoothbore recoilless gun.It could be carried on the rear of a BTR-50 armoured personnel carrier. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). M40 106mm Recoilless Rifle. By the late 1960s, most if not all of the M50 Ontos in Marine Corps service had been deactivated and either handed over to the Army, scrapped, or converted for other civilian purposes as heavy construction movers. [6] After World War II ended, a canister round (T25E5) with a range of 175 meters was also produced. In a single instance of a mortar and recoilless rifle attack conducted against an air base in Vietnam, a minimum of 240 rounds were fired by the Viet Cong from 81 and 82mm mortars and recoilless rifles. It was said this round converted the recoilless rifle in world's biggest shotgun. The M3 Carl Gustav is an 84mm man-portable, multi-role, parachute jumpable, recoilless rifle. Bore-sighting the 105-mm recoilless rifle mounted on a jeep. The odd-looking Ontos was originally intended to be a nimble, light-wight, and easily transportable tank destroyer platform that could be rushed around battlefields by air. The air-cooled, breech-loaded, single-shot riflefir… Richard served as a "grunt" on search and destroy missions in the jungle for over ten months. Three 57 mm recoilless rifle shells could be carried per M6 rocket bag (designed for the 2.36-in bazooka rockets) and slung on one shoulder by the ammunition bearers assigned to the weapon. At the same time, there was a freelance research by the U.S. Army's Infantry Section of a man-portable recoilless 57mm cannon by two engineers, named Kroger and Musser. The high-caliber round was not used for direct combat itself. While the Ontos was indeed a powerful and relatively lightweight platform, its intended role as a tank destroyer was not exactly useful during the conflict in Vietnam thanks to the very modest amount of armored vehicles fielded by North Vietnam. The mounting is a tripod, but the front leg has a castoring wheel. Thanks to the Ontos’ light sub-ten ton weight and relatively wide tread design, the tank killer enjoyed good mobility, particularly in the wet and mushy conditions often seen in parts of Vietnam. They could then be destroyed by infantry Bazooka team, anti-tank guns or field artillery. The only effective way to knock out German tanks was a clean shot to the rear of the tank or to cause malfunctions by hits on the seams or joint of the tanks such as the gun turret elevation joint of the main gun, junction points of the turret and hull which would cause burn over of working mechanism and produce jamming and finally a hit on the tracks to immobilize a tank. 57mm Recoilless Rifle (CHICOM Type 36) The recoilless rifle that had the best mobility was also the lightest, the 57mm. While the performance of the high explosive (HE) warhead was impressive, the M18's 57 mm HEAT round was slightly less so, only about 76.2 mm (3 in) of armor penetration at 90 degrees,[10][11] compared with the M6A3 rocket for the Bazooka which had a penetration of 100 mm. M40A1C Recoilless Rifle. This allows for the elimination of much of … Recoilless rifles were used in Vietnam and were installed on Landrovers The U.S. had provided Nationalist China the blueprints for the weapon. [16] The Marine Corps did not use the 57mm. Rubble in aftermath of the fighting at Hue shows damaged buildings and debris on streets. Intended primarily as an anti-tank weapon, it could also be employed in an antipersonnel role with the use of an antipersonnel-tracer flechette round. On top of th… Beyond its usefulness in the anti-tank/anti-armor role, the M40 could be used against dug-in enemy infantry through special anti-personnel rounds issued and as a "bunker buster" when attempting to … The M18 was a breech-loaded, single-shot, man-portable, crew-served weapon. A recoilless rifle, recoilless launcher or recoilless gun, sometimes abbreviated "RR" or "RCL" is a type of lightweight artillery system or man-portable launcher that is designed to eject some form of countermass such as propellant gas from the rear of the weapon at the moment of firing, creating forward thrust that counteracts most of the weapon's recoil. The M151A1C was used widely in Vietnam and a large number can be seen in period photos. Caleb Larson is a defense writer for the National Interest. Introduced in the early 1960s in Army and Marine Corps service, the M67 was used in the Vietnam War together with the much larger 106mm M40. The mounting is a tripod, but the front leg has a castoring wheel. Another unique innovation was the use of pre-engraving bands on the 57 mm projectile that engaged the barrel's rifling. There are a total of [ 116 ] Vietnam War Guns (1955-1975). The Land Rover's Australian Military Forces registration number is 111 613. The 75-mm recoilless rifle round on display in the exhibit, The 10,000 Day War at Sea, the U.S. Navy in Vietnam, 1950-1975, is made for a Chinese Type 52 Recoilless Rifle, an exact copy of the American M20 Recoilless Rifle that Kirkpatrick used in Korea. It could also be awkwardly carried, fired from the shoulder and reloaded by one man in an emergency, fired prone from the extended T3 monopod and bipod, or fired from a fixed position on a cradle mounted on the M1917A1 machine gun tripod. The spotting rifle fires a round that flies like the 106 mm round and gives off a puff of smoke on impact with the target. United States troopers fire recoilless rifle from mechanical mule and attack Vietcong, Hue in Vietnam. In Vietnam the M40 recoilless rifle displayed it's flexibility - as there were no suitable targets for an anti-tank weapon, an APERS (anti personnel, also called bee-hive) round was designed, containing 6 000 steel flechettes (darts) for striking enemy soldiers. Vietnam Era M-67 90mm Recoilless Rifle Muzzle Cover Unused: Condition: New. Though relatively short-lived, the M50 made a big impression: if you see six recoilless rifle barrels pointed at you, get out of there as quickly as possible. While troops praised its effectiveness, the M67 came in for heavy criticism due to the weapon's weight and length as well as its ba… [note 1] The belief was this feature would reduce friction on firing, allowing more of the propellant gases to be used to force the shell towards the target and less being used to achieve the recoilless effect and therefore giving their design a much higher muzzle velocity than most recoilless cannon at that time period had achieved. Recoilless rifles are capable of firing artillery-type shells at reduced velocities comparable to those of standard cannon, but with greater accuracy than anti-tank weapons that used unguided rockets, and almost entirely without recoil. At the same time, there was a freelance research by the U.S. Army's Infantry Section of a man-portable recoilless 57 mm cannon by two engineers, named Kroger and Musser. 3 man 75mm recoilless rifle crew ... and trained by foreign "advisors" they were able to infiltrate across the DMZ and attack targets in the South of Vietnam. The period up to the conventional phase in the 1970, the Viet Cong and NVA were primarily limited to mortars, recoil-less rifles and small-arms and had significantly lighter equipment and firepower in comparison with the US arsenal, relying on ambushes alongside superior stealth, planning, marksmanship and small-unit tactics to face the disproportionate US technological advantage. It can be used in both anti-tank and anti-personnel roles. Sometimes a 57mm recoilless rifle was deployed upfront as well. The M40 recoilless rifle is a lightweight, portable, crew-served 105 mm recoilless rifle made in the United States. [12][13][14], In the Pacific Theater, the new lightweight 57 mm cannon was an absolute success as "pocket artillery" for the soldiers of U.S. Army infantry units that were issued the M18. U.S. infantry, initially with very few capabilities against these targets, solved the problem with new weapons like the 3.5-inch (89 mm) M20 Super Bazooka, which was powerful enough to destroy T-34s.[18]. One of the most popular recoilless rifles ever produced became the Cold War-era 84mm "Carl Gustav" launcher which still sees regular service around the world today.

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